West Virginia U.S. Routes

US 11

Enters state: From Virginia, Berkeley County, south of Martinsburg.
Leaves state: Into Maryland, Berkeley County, north of Martinsburg.
Counties: Berkeley.
Major Cities & Towns: Martinsburg.
Comments: US 11 parallels I-81 for most of that interstate's Tennessee to New York run, and West Virginia is no exception. The twin routes cut through the state's eastern panhandle.

US 19

Enters state: From Virginia, Mercer County, at Bluefield.
Leaves state: Into Pennsylvania, Monongalia County, north of Morgantown.
Counties: Mercer, Raleigh, Fayette, Nicholas, Braxton, Lewis, Harrison, Marion, Monongalia.
Major Cities & Towns: Bluefield, Princeton, Beckley, Oak Hill, Fayetteville, Summersville, Weston, Clarksburg, Fairmont, Morgantown.
Comments: For the most part, US 19's status as a thru route has been supplanted by I-77 (between Princeton and Beckley) and I-79 (between Flatwoods and the Pennsylvania state line). However, two separate sections of US 19 are Appalachian Regional Commission corridors. Between Bluefield and Princeton, US 19 shares a route with US 460, Corridor Q. And between I-77 and I-79, US 19 is Corridor L, which serves as a shortcut for thru traffic using the 77-to-79 corridor and allowing drivers to avoid several miles (and two West Virginia Turnpike toll plazes) on their route. US 19 crosses over the famous New River Gorge bridge north of Fayetteville. Summersville, which is near the halfway point along the corridor, is a notorious speedtrap and motorists are cautioned to stick to the posted speed limit. Corridor L runs into I-79 southwest of Sutton; US 19 is routed onto the interstate at the end of the corridor and exits onto its original alignment at Flatwoods.

US 19 Spur

Begins: At I-64 and I-77 (West Virginia Turnpike), Raleigh County, north of Beckley.
Ends: At US 19/WV 16, Raleigh County, north of Beckley.
Counties: Raleigh.
Comments: This route is the part of Corridor L that links US 19 with the West Virginia Turnpike. It is also known as Alt. US 19, but is signed as To US 19 North from the interstate or To I-64/I-77 from US 19. Motorists exiting from the northbound turnpike or entering the turnpike southbound are charged a toll.

US 19 Spur

Begins: At US 250, Marion County, at Fairmont
Ends: At US 19, Marion County, at Fairmont.
Counties: Marion.
Comments: This is a connector route in Fairmont and is not signed.

US 22

Enters state: From Ohio, Brooke County, at Weirton.
Leaves state: Into Pennsylvania, Brooke County, at Weirton.
Counties: Brooke, Hancock.
Major Cities & Towns: Weirton.
Comments: This route is now a full freeway from west of Steubenville, Ohio, through the northern panhandle of West Virginia and on to the outskirts of Pittsburgh. In West Virginia, it enters Hancock County for only a brief instance before returning to Brooke County.

Alt. US 22

Begins: At US 22, Brooke County, at Weirton.
Ends: At US 22, Brooke County, at Weirton.
Counties: Brooke.
Comments: A surface street in Weirton ñ possibly the original alignment of US 22 before the freeway was built ñ and not signed.

US 30

Enters state: From Ohio, Hancock County, at Chester.
Leaves state: Into Pennsylvania, Hancock County, east of Chester.
Counties. Hancock.
Major Cities & Towns: Chester.
Comments: West Virginia's shortest US route cuts through the extreme northern part of the state on a southeasterly angle.

US 33

Enters state: From Ohio, Mason County, at Mason.
Leaves state: Into Virginia, Pendleton County, east of Franklin.
Counties: Mason, Jackson, Roane, Calhoun, Gilmer, Lewis, Upshur, Barbour, Randolph, Pendleton.
Major Cities & Towns: Ripley, Spencer, Glenville, Weston, Buckhannon, Elkins, Franklin.
Comments: Although odd-numbered US routes are supposed to be north-south highways ñ and US 33 does nominally run from south (Richmond, Va.) to north (Indiana) ñ it is signed as an east-west route. After entering the state, it parallels the Ohio River, including a brief stretch where it shares an alignment with WV 2, before it turns away from the river. It cuts through hilly terrain in the central part of the state, passing through small towns and rural areas and carrying US 119 for much of the way. At Weston, the route picks up the ARC Corridor H designation at the I-79 interchange and is a four-lane road to Elkins, where the Corridor H alignment departs the highway. East of Elkins, the route climbs the mountains in one of the most scenic parts of the state, passing near Spruce Knob (the state's highest point) and the oft-photographed Seneca Rocks. US 33 passes through the Monongahela and George Washington national forests before crossing into Virginia at the crest of Shenandoah Mountain. The mountain crossings are crooked and slow, although most of them have truck climbing lanes to allow faster passenger vehicles to pass the many slow trucks which use the route.

US 35

Begins: At US 60, Kanawha County, at St. Albans.
Leaves state: Into Ohio, Mason County, just outside Pt. Pleasant.
Counties: Kanawha, Putnam, Mason.
Major Cities & Towns: St. Albans, Winfield, Pt. Pleasant.
Comments: US 35 is signed as an east-west route in Ohio, but as a north-south route in West Virginia and Indiana. It currently has the distinction of being the only US route that terminates in West Virginia. Prior to the collapse of the Silver Bridge linking Pt. Pleasant to Gallipolis, Ohio, in 1967, US 35 ran along what is now WV 25 and US 62. It began at an intersection with the former US 21 and US 60 in Charleston and ran along the east side of the Kanawha River. The new Ohio River bridge built to replace the Silver Bridge was located downstream of the mouth of the Kanawha. When the bridge opened, US 35 was routed along the former WV 17. This route is heavily traveled, especially by trucks, and is part of a thru route from Charleston to Cincinnati, Dayton and Columbus. The Ohio River crossing and a few miles of the highway near Henderson are four lanes; and the West Virginia Department of Transportation has plans to build a new four-lane US 35. The new route will tie into I-64 between exits 39 and 44 and will generally follow the route of WV 34 from Teays Valley to Winfield, and then US 35 on to the Ohio River crossing.

US 40

Enters state: From Ohio, Ohio County, at Wheeling.
Leaves state: Into Pennsylvania, Ohio County, east of Wheeling.
Counties: Ohio.
Major Cities & Towns: Wheeling.
Comments: The old National Road parallels I-70 for most of its trek across the country, and the northern panhandle of West Virginia is no exception.

US 48 (Proposed Route)

Will begin: At I-79, Lewis County, east of Weston.
Will leave state: Into Virginia, Hardy County, east of Wardensville.
Counties: Lewis, Upshur, Barbour, Randolph, Tucker, Grant, Hardy.
Major Cities & Towns: Buckhannon, Elkins, Parsons.
Comments: Until recently, US 48 existed only on paper as the number to be given to the controversial ARC Corridor H route once the highway is completed. In the spring of 2003, Virginia posted US 48 signs along the VA 55 portion of the proposed corridor ñ this despite the fact that Virginia does not as yet have plans to build its portion of the highway. Corridor H will follow the existing four-lane route of US 33 from I-79 near Weston to Elkins, then will approximately follow the route of US 219 from Elkins to Thomas and WV 93 from Thomas to Scherr, then follow a new route from Scherr to Old Fields (where it will cross US 220) then follow WV 55 from a point east of Moorefield into Virginia. Construction on Corridor H has been plagued with lawsuits, to the point where the only portions open between Elkins and the state line are a short stretch from Elkins to Kerens, and another short stretch from east of Moorefield to Baker. This will be the second incarnation of US 48 in West Virginia. The US 48 designation was originally given to ARC Corridor E, but that highway now carries the I-68 designation.

US 50

Enters state: From Ohio, Wood County, at Parkersburg.
Leaves state: Into Maryland, Preston County, west of Redhouse. Md.
Re-enters state: From Maryland, Grant County, at Gormania.
Leaves state: Into Virginia, Hampshire County, east of Capon Bridge.
Counties: Wood, Ritchie, Doddridge, Harrison, Taylor, Preston, (Maryland), Grant, Mineral, Hampshire.
Major Cities & Towns: Parkersburg, Clarksburg, Grafton, Romney.
Comments: The portion of US 50 from the Ohio River to I-79 at Clarksburg is part of ARC Corridor D, which runs all the way from Cincinnati to Clarksburg. The corridor is not complete in the Parkersburg area, but plans are underway to build a new Ohio River bridge and link the four-lane sections in Ohio and West Virginia. East of I-79, the route runs through a rural area, crosses briefly into Maryland, and re-emerges in the eastern panhandle.

US 52

Enters state: From Virginia, Mercer County, near Bluefield
Leaves state: Into Ohio, Cabell County, at Huntington.
Counties: Mercer, McDowell, Wyoming, Logan, Mingo, Wayne, Cabell.
Major Cities & Towns: Bluefield, Welch, Williamson, Huntington.
Comments: US 52 is signed as a north-south route in West Virginia and points south, but is signed as an east-west route in Ohio and most other states to the north and west. It passes mainly through the coalfields of southwest West Virginia before running along the Big Sandy River to the Huntington area. The route enters West Virginia on I-77's route, briefly joins US 460 (ARC Corridor Q) and US 19 in Bluefield before turning west toward Iaeger and then northwest toward Williamson. At Williamson, the route joins US 119 (ARC Corridor G) and actually crosses the river into Kentucky twice, returning to Mingo County each time. Once US 119 leaves the highway, US 52 continues northward. North of Crum, the highway is generally on a new alignment dating back to the late 1970s, paralleling the river and the Kentucky border. (The old alignment of US 52 is now known as WV 152 and WV 527.) It joins I-64 before using the West Huntington Bridge to exit the state into Ohio. The state plans to completely rebuild US 52 as part of the ìI-73/I-74î corridor that actually will not be an interstate highway at all, but instead will have at-grade intersections. Currently, the only portions completed are the interchange with US 460 at Bluefield, a bypass of Prichard in Wayne County, and another section in Wayne County between WV 75 and I-64.

Alt. US 52

Begins: At US 52, McDowell County, east of Welch.
Ends: At US 52, WV 16 and WV 103, west of Welch.
Counties: McDowell
Major Cities & Towns: Welch
Comments: This is the old route of US 52 through downtown Welch. The current, newer alignment of US 52 winds along the side of the mountain on the south side of town. This route continues straight into downtown Welch, then runs concurrently with WV 16 to the intersection of US 52, WV 16 and WV 103. Is signed as Alt. US 52 only at the western end, and there only as a reassurance marker.

US 60

Enters state: From Kentucky, Wayne County, at Kenova.
Leaves state: Into Virginia, Greenbrier County, east of White Sulphur Springs.
Counties: Wayne, Cabell, Putnam, Kanawha, Fayette, Greenbrier.
Major Cities & Towns: Huntington, Barboursville, South Charleston, Charleston, Lewisburg.
Comments: The fabled Midland Trail, US 60 cuts through the mountainous heart of the state after linking the metropolitan areas of Huntington and Charleston, the urbanized area between the two cities, and the industrial Kanawha River valley. US 60 parallels I-64 closely from the time it enters the state from Kentucky to well past Charleston. The route is four lanes outside Charleston to the Cedar Grove area, and parallels the Kanawha to Gauley Bridge, where the Gauley and New rivers merge to form the Kanawha. From there, the highway cuts across the mountains until it rejoins the I-64 corridor at Sam Black Church. Before the completion of I-64 from Sam Black Church to Beckley in the late 1980s, thru traffic along the interstate corridor had to use US 60. From I64's Exit 156 east to the Virginia state line, US 60 again parallels the interstate.

US 119

Enters state: From Kentucky, Mingo County, at Williamson.
Leaves state: Into Pennsylvania, Monongalia County, north of Morgantown.
Mingo, Logan, Boone, Lincoln, Kanawha, Roane, Calhoun, Gilmer, Lewis, Upshur, Barbour, Taylor, Monongalia.
Major Cities & Towns: Williamson, Logan, Charleston, Spencer, Glenville, Weston, Buckhannon, Grafton, Morgantown.
Comments: Slicing a diagonal route from southwest to northeast, US 119 covers all spectrums of the West Virginia highway system. From a high-speed four-lane route to a winding country road; from a major through highway to a route supplanted by the interstate system, this route represents it all. From its entry into the state from Kentucky to Charleston, the route carries ARC Corridor G. It picks up US 52 immediately after entering West Virginia, and the two cosigned routes actually cross back into Kentucky twice before splitting near Nolan. US 119 angles northeastward through the coalfields before running into I-64 at Charleston. Once out of the capital city, the route parallels I-79 for a distance before turning north, joining US 33 at Spencer. At Weston, the routes become Corridor H once the cross I-79. US 119 leaves US 33 at Buckhannon and turns north again, passing near Philippi and through Grafton and Morgantown before entering Pennsylvania. US 119's status as a thru route north of Morgantown will be transferred to the under construction Mon-Fayette Expressway (WV 43) once the West Virginia portion of that route is completed.

US 119 Spur

Begins: At US 119, Kanawha County, at Charleston.
Ends: At WV 61, Kanawha County, at Charleston.
Counties: Kanawha.
Major Cities & Towns: Charleston
Comments: When US 119 enters I-64 to cross the Kanawha River at Charleston, this unsigned spur route continues on to WV 61 (MacCorkle Avenue) which runs parallel to the Kanawha River along that stream's south side. US 119 Spur is not signed as such; signs along northbound US 119 say "To WV 61" while signs on WV 61 say "To US 119, To I-64."

US 121 (Proposed Route)

Will enter state: From Virginia, McDowell County, west of Bradshaw.
Will end: At I-64 and I-77, Raleigh County, near Beckley.
Counties: McDowell, Wyoming, Raleigh.
Major Cities & Towns: Welch, Beckley.
Comments: West Virginia and Virginia are proposing a new four-lane route to run from US 23 at Pound, Va., to the West Virginia Turnpike near Beckley. This route will roughly parallel VA 83 in Virginia and WV 83 and WV 16 in Virginia. The route is called the Coalfields Expressway and will be numbered US 121 once completed. This despite the fact that the route will not intersect US 21, which no longer runs through West Virginia. In fact, the route will not even touch the old alignment of US 21 in West Virginia (which consists of US 19 in the Beckley area). Construction is taking place in isolated spots in West Virginia. The Coalfields Expressway Authority has an office at Pineville (county seat of Wyoming County) and a huge US 121 sign adorns the outside of the building.

US 219

Enters state: From Virginia, Monroe County, at Peterstown.
Leaves state: Into Maryland, Preston County, north of Silver Lake.
Counties: Monroe, Greenbrier, Pocahontas, Randolph, Tucker, Preston.
Major Cities & Towns: Lewisburg, Marlinton, Elkins, Parsons.
Comments: Traversing some of West Virginia's most scenic areas, US 219 is a major thru route despite its crooked, mountainous alignment. It enters the state just two miles shy of its terminus at US 460 in Rich Creek, Va., and runs through a scenic valley which turns into rolling countryside nearing and north of Union. North of Lewisburg, the route crosses forested mountains, picking up WV 55 for the journey north to Elkins. With US 250 and WV 92 joining the route at Huttonsville, four numbered highways approach Elkins from the south. Between Elkins and Thomas, US 219 will carry ARC Corridor H traffic once that route is completed. Currently, the route is finished only to Kerens, north of Elkins. The highway in this area is improved as it crosses the mountains of the upper Potomac highlands in the Monongahela National Forest. It exits into Maryland near Backbone Mountain, that state's highest point.

US 220

Enters state: From Virginia, Pendleton County, south of Franklin.
Leaves state, Into Maryland, Mineral County, at Keyser.
Counties: Pendleton, Grant, Hardy, Hampshire, Mineral.
Major Cities & Towns: Franklin, Petersburg, Moorefield, Keyser.
Comments: Even numbered US highways are supposed to run east-west, but US 220 is a blatant exception to that rule. It runs north and south and is a major thru route in the Potomac highlands and eastern panhandle of West Virginia. From its entry into the state to its intersection with US 50, it generally follows the valley of the South Branch of the Potomac River. In fact, a bridge across the river at Upper Tract is one of the last remaining one-lane bridges on the US highway system. The route picks up WV 28, another major north-south route in this part of the state, at Moorefield and the routes separate at Junction, where US 220 turns to follow US 50 west while WV 28 joins US 50 east. The routes separate after being joined for about 10 miles and US 220 turns north again to leave the state at Keyser, on the banks of the North Branch of the Potomac. Once in Maryland, US 220 parallels the river and the West Virginia line until it reaches Cumberland, Md.

US 250

Enters state: From Virginia, Pocahontas County, west of Monterey, Va.
Leaves state: Into Ohio, Ohio County, at Wheeling.
Counties: Pocahontas, Randolph, Barbour, Taylor, Marion, Wetzel, Marshall, Ohio.
Major Cities & Towns: Elkins, Philippi, Fairmont, Moundsville, Wheeling.
Comments: Although US 250 is an even-numbered state rotue and is signed as an east-west route in Virginia and Ohio, it is signed as a north-south route in West Virginia. For the most part, it is a winding, hilly to mountainous highway. It enters the state in an especially scenic area of the Monongahela National Forest, then carries WV 28 and then WV 92 northwestward. At Huttonsville, US 219 and WV 55 join the route and the four numbered highways approach Elkins from the south. US 250 briefly joins Corridor H (US 33) before it turns north, crossing the famous Philippi Covered Bridge before entering Fairmont. From there, the route continues northwestward and enters the northern panhandle. It joins the four-lane WV 2 at Moundsville before exiting the state at Wheeling.

US 340

Enters state: From Virginia, Jefferson County, south of Charles Town.
Leaves state: Into Virginia, Jefferson County, at Harper's Ferry.
Counties: Jefferson
Major Cities & Towns: Charles Town, Harper's Ferry.
Comments: West Virginia's easternmost US route, US 340 serves Charles Town and then leaves the state at Harper's Ferry, re-entering Virginia before crossing the Potomac River into Maryland. Most of the route in West Virginia is four lanes; the exceptions are the sections between the Virginia state line and Charles Town and a short portion near Harper's Ferry.

Alt. US 340

Begins: At US 340, Jefferson County, at Harper's Ferry.
Ends: At County Route 340/9, Jefferson County, Harper's Ferry.
Counties: Jefferson
Major Cities & Towns: Harper's Ferry.
Comments: This spur route provides access to ìdowntownî Harper's Ferry, site of a historic Civil War battlefield.

US 460

Enters state: From Virginia, Mercer County, at Bluefield.
Leaves state: Into Virginia, Mercer County, east of Princeton.
Counties: Mercer
Major Cities & Towns: Bluefield, Princeton
Comments: US 460 throughout West Virginia is part of Appalachian Corridor Q, which links Pikeville, Ky. to Christiansburg, Va. Not all the route in Kentucky and Virginia is completed, but from Grundy, Va. to I-81, the route is finished and this includes the West Virginia portion. The entire route is four lanes. US 460 bypasses Bluefield, Va. and Bluefield, W.V. to the south. It is joined briefly by US 52 and then US 19, which was co-signed along the route from Claypool Hill, Va., to Bluefield, Va., rejoins the alignment between Bluefield and Princeton. The route intersects I-77 at the southern terminus of the West Virginia Turnpike and then continues east, re-entering Virginia at Glen Lyn just west of the New River.

US 522

Enters state: From Virginia, Morgan County, northwest of Winchester, Va.
Leaves state: Into Maryland, Morgan County, north of Berkeley Springs.
Counties: Morgan
Major Cities & Towns: Berkeley Springs
Comments: Like US 220, US 522 is an even-numbered US highway which runs north-south in violation of the numbering convention for US highways. It is a two-lane route that is heavily used as a truck shortcut between I-81 in Virginia and I-70 in Maryland and Pennsylvania. West Virginia has a long-range plan to widen the route to four lanes to eliminate traffic hazards. The highway narrows from four to two lanes upon entering West Virginia from Virginia. Once the route enters Maryland, it intersects I-68 and I-70 and then immediately enters Pennsylvania.

Interstates U.S. Routes State Routes 1-49 State Routes 51-99 Three-Digit State Routes

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Copyright © 1997-2003, H.B. Elkins
This page created Nov. 17, 1998.
This page last modified June 3, 2003.